Porcine congenital splay leg syndrome is a prevalent disease that primarily affects piglets and is responsible for a significant number of deaths.
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The splaying of the legs is frequently observed when piglets are born on slippery surfaces. The lack of traction on such surfaces leads to the outward splaying of the legs when the piglets try to stand. Often piglets are unable to walk well.
Piglets may end up starving due to PCS as their suckling will be compromised, and they may suffocate as they cannot move when the sow rolls over.
In cases of front leg splay in piglets, euthanasia is considered the most humane option, as the damage is irreversible. However, if hind leg splay is identified in a timely manner, successful treatment is possible. Encouraging the piglet to suckle as soon as possible is important, as colostrum plays a crucial role in promoting healing.
To prevent accidental death by overlaying (when the sow unintentionally rolls over the piglet), the piglet should be separated from the sow and placed under a heat lamp for 24 to 48 hours. Also, loosely tying the back legs with Vicryl (available on Amazon) can help address the splay leg syndrome. Regularly massaging the piglet’s legs vigorously for about 5 minutes every few hours is recommended to stimulate blood flow and aid in recovery.
If instead of splayed legs, spread out in front of them, your piglets appear to be paralyzed, watch for the signs of Teschen disease.
My Most Used Pig Supplies
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A pig blanket to keep her warm. This one also has bright colors and helps to provide rooting without the destruction.
A large crate for keeping her safe in your house at night and when you leave the house. This is essential. You’ll also want a litterbox, and I like mine with a lid for nighttime. Pine shavings are best, and you may be able to find them in larger quantities locally.
You’ll also want an outdoor house to keep her warm when she gets outside time, an essential part of her development.
Dewormer- Ivermectin is the primary dewormer I use, although I do rotate with a non-ivermect ingredient once so that the worms don’t get immune to it.